LATEST SCIENTIFIC SOLUTION TO VENT CANNIBALISM IN POULTRY FARMING
WHAT IS VENT CANNIBALISM?
This is the practice whereby fowls are seen pecking on themselves, very often this is done at the vent (Anus), and with time the intestines of the pecked fowls are pulled out from this end leading to death. Firstly the pecking is started on the body, but as soon as the skin is pierced and blood gushes out leaving, a red spot, several other fowls in the pen become attracted to this particular fowl with an ‘attractive1 reddish area. The picking is intensified on this same spot until the fowl (skilled by it.
Factors known to cause cannibalism, some of which have earlier been mentioned include;
Low fibre content of ration
Diseases of the Nervous system
Poor husbandry practices
Ectoparasites like lice or fleas make fowls uncomfortable on the one hand and also make them pick at each other in an attempt to feed on the insects.
Some diseases that affect the nervous system could weaken the nervous control of the oviduct (or egg canal). Weakness of the smooth muscles lining this organ result, in some prolapse or turning out of the inner walls of the cloaca (terminal opening of the egg-duct).The reddish: colour of the prolapsed cloaca attracts other fowls into picking at the vent. This prolapse condition is made more prominent as the fowl tries to push out an egg. Because of the weakened muscles, contraction is feeble and soon flies are attracted onto the exposed oviduct lining. This added to the cannibalism at the site soon worsens the condition of the fowl leading to death.
Poor husbandry practices which could cause cannibalism include things like failure to give prompt treatment to sick flocks; failure to remove any victim as soon as picking is noticed, failure to check the feed, housing etc, once signs of cannibalism in a flock are noticed, and failure to promptly remove any dead fowl in the house before others start picking on it. Hunger or improper feeding could induce fowls to pick on any dead or very weak colleague, especially if it has a red wound.
It was widely believed that there is no cure to cannibalism. So far, the widely recommended remedy is to make arrangements for the sale of the cannibalistic flock. However a great degree of success has been experienced in a remedial measure now being adopted, which is described in detail below:
Normal face of fowl Owl look
The stranger Bird (or Owl look) Approach:
This approach towards eradication of cannibalism in a flock has yielded very high success, in several trials. Sometimes some failure may be observed with those done very late in the evening. It may be noticed that as soon as darkness sets in, some of the fowls already deep in the act, continue to cannibalize on their colleagues. There is also more success with white birds than with coloured birds. Again, breed plays some role too in the response to treatment. More docile breeds respond better. Wilder breeds tend to be less frightened by the owl-look suddenly worn by their colleagues.
This ‘stranger bird1 is an attempt to disfigure every fowl in the flock thus making each fowl feel like a stranger in the flock. One adverse effect here is that duo to the fear instilled in the flock, egg production may drop but this is only for a short time,
This Owl-look is achieved by applying an oily paint round each eye of the fowl giving it an appearance of a strange bush bird known as the Owl. Since; die fowl does not possess the capability of looking at itself, or reason to realize that it is equally looking like a bush bird, (just as every other member of the flock) it regards itself as suddenly being thrown in the midst of some strange birds, (it is also suggested that the pen be disfigured somehow by rubbing paints here and there and tying pieces of stems of plants here and there).
The first reaction of each bird as the day dawns is that it becomes frightened and stays quiet. Each one is afraid of the other and as such dares not go near to pick.
This stranger bird measure is immediately followed up by other measures aimed at correcting the suspected cause of this flock-vice. Such measure may include an improvement on the ventilation in the house, spreading out the flock, (if over-crowded); checking for lice, fleas etc.
Although the fear later gradually leaves the fowls, yet it is difficult to have them return to cannibalize on each other unless the root causes are not removed during the period.
PROFILE OF DENNIS MARY CHIKATA:
Dennis Mary Chikata is a Doctor of Veterinary Medicine and a Poultry Husbandry Expert who takes pleasure in writing books on a variety of topics.
His Alma Mater, The University of Nigeria, Nsukka, graduates students and awards degrees to those considered worthy in CHARACTER AND LEARNING. Prizes are awarded to the overall BEST Graduating Student in Learning or Academics AND overall BEST Graduating student in Character, called the NUPEMCO AWARD. The Nupemco Award for 1977 went to this Author- Dennis Chikata- who was adjudged to be the Overall Best Student in Character (the Gentleman of the Year)
His books cover SUSPENSE, MYSTERY, BUSINESS, HOW-TO, SPIRITUALITY, and EDUCATION.
One of his books (a fiction) titled-CONQUEST OF THE TUNNEL OF NO RETURN, was among the books in the Amazon’s 2017 Storyteller contest .
The Catholic Archbishop of Owerri, Nigeria , Most Rev. Dr. A.J.V. Obinna, after reading one of his books on Disobedience ...., publicly praised him during a Sunday Mass at Maria Assumpta Cathedral, Owerri, and pleaded with all present that anyone who knew Dr. Chikata should thank him for writing such a fantastic book which he said that he found very interesting to read.
The Archbishop later directed the Administrator of the Cathedral, Rev. Fr. Andrew Nkwocha, to contact this Author and obtain more copies of the book to enable him give them out to his fellow Bishops in Nigeria to read and discover its very rich contents.
On another of his books on the Rosary, Chidi Okeke sent him an e-mail from Lagos , stating as follows: “Your book is the best book I have ever read on the Rosary. It has motivated me to say my Rosary more often. Thank you for such a great book”
He has also written a book on Poultry titled : THE SECRET OF SUCCESS IN TROPICAL POULTRY HUSBANDRY.
His other book titles include: ORIGIN OF THE FIRST ROSARY, HOW AND WHY PEOPLE ARE RICH AND TO AVOID POVERTY, THE STORY OF THE MOST WONDERFUL AND MYSTERIOUS MAN ON EARTH, DISOBEDIENCE AND THE SECRET OF LONG LIFE AND HAPPINESS, SECRET FACTS ABOUT VIRGIN MARY THE ROSARY ETERNAL LIFE, AFRICAN MOONLIGHT AND AWESOME LIVE STORIES, and VISITORS FROM PURGATORY (Eye-witnesses’ Accounts).
He is the Author of that book on Purgatory that the Blessed Virgin Mary, the Mother of Jesus Christ, was reported to be holding in Her hand when She appeared at Idu Karmo, Nigeria on the 25th of March 2017 (Feast Day of the Annunciation of our Lord) and directed that all should look for this book to read , and that She feels very sad that many people are dying and going to Purgatory and Hell. Those who heard about this apparition and bothered to investigate, found out that everything happened as was reported. This is the second time in history that the Blessed Virgin appeared with a book in Her hand. The first was in July 1208 AD at Tolluisse, France.
Rev. Fr. Chijioke Majella of St. Theresa’s Parish, Abuja has since taken charge of activities at the apparition site which has become a holy Pilgrimage centre where prayers go on frequently under the supervision of this priest.
Dr. Chikata is married to Roseline, who holds a doctorate degree in Education Management and Planning ,and they are blessed with six children.